Roof vent pipe flashing installation

Roof flashing is a thin material, usually galvanized steel, that professional roofers use to direct water away from critical areas of the roof, wherever the roof plane meets a vertical surface like a wall or a dormer.

Flashing is installed to surround roof features, such as vents, chimneys and skylights. Water should run down the side of the flashing and be directed to the shingles instead of finding its way into the roof deck.

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If there were no flashing against these walls, water could slowly drip into the crevice between the wall and the roof, and potentially into the home. Damaged or improperly installed roof flashing, especially around the chimney or dormer, is one of the most common causes of roof leaks. What is roof flashing? How do you install roof flashing?

What about repairing roof flashing? You can find out here. There are almost as many types of roof flashing as there are parts of the roof! After all, each roof feature needs protection. These are the key types of roof flashing you need to understand:. While there are premade flashing pieces you can purchase, many roofing professionals will cut their own roof flashing from sheet metal.

However, if you walk into a store to buy your own flashing, be careful. There are other types of premade flashing that are not made to be used on roofs and may break if you try to install them on a roof. For example, head flashing or cap flashing protects doors and windows from water. Typically, by 8-inch mm x mm flashing is chosen. Those 8 inches are more than enough to cover the exposure of typical shingles. In the past, roofing professionals would use lead, or lead-coated materials, as flashing.

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However, roofing professionals in North America now prefer other materials:. Building codes may demand your roofing professional use a specific material for flashing. They may also list a minimum thickness. Most building codes require gauge galvanized steel as a minimum.

In fact, if you live in Florida, you may find that your building codes call for a special flashing material, modified bitumen roofing tape:. When you install roof flashing, you will need to use a sealant. While roofing professionals occasionally use nails when flashing, they must choose whether to nail to the roof plane or the vertical wall.

If nailed to both, the flashing may deform under the pressure from shifting brick or wood. When nailed only to the roof plane or vertical wall, the flashing can stay in place while the other building materials expand and contract throughout the seasons.

roof vent pipe flashing installation

Roofing cement : Roofing cement creates a waterproof seal. Roofing professionals usually apply it with a trowel. Before you learn how to install roof flashing, you need to understand that there are three primary techniques, each suitable for different areas on the roof.

Disclaimer : Roof flashing should always be installed by professional roofers, who understand best practices, safety requirements and the building codes and laws in their area.

These instructions are only to help homeowners understand what to expect from their roofing professional. Step flashing is the most time-consuming of all flashing jobs on the roof because you must complete it step-by-step as you shingle up the roof. There are a few general best practices you need to know. First, step flashing must be installed before the siding, so that the siding can cover the top of the flashing.

If this is a repair job, the siding must also be removed and replaced with the flashing. Also, before you start installing your flashing, you need to look to see if the wall in question has a corner on the roof face, as in the image below.E Electrical Environmental Exterior. G Garage Gardening Glass Blocks. I Insulation Insurance. T Toilets Tools.

V Vacuums Ventilation. Installing a new shingles on your roof is not a complex project. However, in order to ensure that the roof is watertight it is important that the shingles and flashing are installed properly around a vent pipe or drain stack. The use of the correct sized vent boot as flashing will help to ensure a watertight seal. NOTE: Vent pipes vary in size. The outside diameter of a 4 inch cast iron vent pipe and a 4 inch PVC vent pipe are different.

Make sure you purchase the correct boot for your your application. Apply the roofing felt on the roof, cutting a hole for the vent pipe. Apply the last row of shingles that is just below the vent pipe as shown in Figure 1. Continue the next row of shingles cutting a hole for the vent pipe. Use some asphalt roof cement under the cut shingle and around the vent pipe, as shown in Figure 2.

Apply a generous amount of asphalt roof cement around the vent pipe and place the vent pipe boot over the top of the pipe, covering the last course of shingles, as shown in Figure 3. If necessary, drive a couple of nails into the pipe boot on the top edge, in the corners. The asphalt cement, and the nails from the next course of shingles will hold the boot in position and seal it.

Place the next course of shingles over the vent boot and install with a layer of asphalt cement. Do not over nail, nail only where and when necessary. Where nails have been used apply some asphalt cement over the head of the nail to ensure a watertight seal. Step 3: Apply a generous amount of asphalt roof cement around the vent pipe and place the vent pipe boot over the top of the pipe, covering the last course of shingles, as shown in Figure 3.

Manufacturers, Retailers, Dealers - Advertise on this page! Home Main Index.It would be nice if vent flashing would last as long as the actual roof did.

If you take your time and use proper safety precautions, this is something that can be done on your own in just a day.

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You may need to climb the roof to look at it before you go shopping for it. Climb up on the roof and remove the shingles just around the vent. You can do this by using your pry bar gently enough to avoid damaging the shingles. Use the pry bar underneath the flashing, use the scrap wood as a lever to get the flashing pryed up. Gently pull the flashing so it comes off over the vent pipe. If there are nails left on the roof in this area you need to go ahead and pull these.

You can fill the holes from the nails with the asphalt cement and your trowel. Put the new flashing in place. Make sure you align the collar to look the same direction as the old one did. Use your roofing nails to secure the flashing into place around the vent pipe. Cover the exposed nail heads with the asphalt cement. You also want to apply the cement all around the collar.

This will seal it to the roof and will lessen the chance of leaks forming later on. Starting with the bottom row and working up replace your shingles.

Take your time with this to ensure even placement. The exposed nail heads should be covered with asphalt cement. Vent flashing is an important aspect of your roof. Do this before it starts to leak to avoid major damage, or pots in your living room collecting drip water. Be sure that shingles overlap the flashing. We welcome your comments and suggestions. All information is provided "AS IS.

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All rights reserved. You may freely link to this site, and use it for non-commercial use subject to our terms of use. View our Privacy Policy here. Toggle navigation Login Register How-Tos. How to Install Vent Flashing.Holy Toledo! This is a scary job for a DIYer. Think about it. But worry not. However, if you do it poorly, it could cost you thousands in water damage.

Can you find the other code violation? It's blue and doesn't have a cover. A friend asked me to help him eliminate a sewer odor that had been coming and going since he lived in his house. You might have just thrown up a little in your mouths, I know. It was one of those things where, just when it got bad enough to hire someone to fix it, it would go away for months at a time.

After rooting around in the crawl space and attic, we discovered the culprit. In their defense, they did install a vent filter to pass code. The really old ones are cast iron. We needed to finish the job of this old plumber. The first thing we needed to do was remove the old PVC coupling so that we could add a new one.

The only way to separate PVC that has been bonded is to cut it. It is a solvent that dissolves the PVC a little and chemically welds the two pieces together. They cannot be separated after this has occurred.

We used a small hand saw to remove the old coupling, then slid a new pipe extension over the older pipe. Once we had the pipe extension connected, we figured out where the new vent pipe would need to pass through the roof using a piece of scrap wood held flush with the pipe. Where the scrap wood hit the understructure of the roof, we drilled a hole straight through to the outside. Standard practice is to drive a nail through, but my friend was heart set on using a drill.

Down the attic ladder we went, climbing up the roof ladder to find our drill bit like little kids hunting for Easter eggs. After we located the bit, we began separating the asphalt shingles and cutting out a space for the flange to go. The flange needs to fit snuggly around the vent pipe and should go under as many layers of shingles as possible. Furthermore, the flange should only be exposed on the bottom half the upper half should be covered by shingles.

These were not new, so this took some care. Once the shingles were prepared and some nails were removed lift up the shingles and pull out any nails that are blocking your flange from sliding upwe used a drill to make a pilot hole, and then a jigsaw to cut out a circle roughly the size of our pipe.

Now that the hole was cut, my friend ran back down the ladder and up into the attic so that we could connect the vent pipe through the roof. This can be a little tricky and required some readjustments and recuts of shingles to make it all work. That is normal.

roof vent pipe flashing installation

Use roofing nails to secure the flange to the roof. But wait!

How to Install Vent Pipe Flashing on an Existing Roof

We just spent all this time being careful not to damage any shingles and then we stupidly drove nails through them!?! It is. This stuff is also great for sealing leaking gutters or any other places where water leaks. After applying the tar, use a piece of scrap shingle or wood to smooth it out a bit. Thanks for reading — Robby. Just tar under the plastic flap would have sufficed.Whether you're building a new home and doing the roof yourself, or you're making a repair to an existing roof, flashing is something you'll need to install.

It's not a difficult job, provided you're not afraid of heights that is, but it is a necessary one. Before we get into the details, however, let's examine what roof flashing is and where it fits into your roof so that you'll know exactly what and where you need to install it. Roof flashing is a material used as a protectant against water leaks or seepage and is typically made of galvanized metal, but it can also be in the form of aluminum, sheet metal, copper, or even plastic.

Galvanized metal or aluminum is considered the best to use for roof flashing. Aluminum is easiest to install due to how well it bends and is preferred by most DIYers. As a protectant, flashing is placed anywhere on the roof's surface that requires extra protection. These areas include anywhere there are intersections or joints such as edges around chimneys, vents, skylights, roof valleys, and soil stacks. If you're having a leak issue in your home, you should first check these areas of the roof for any problems with the existing flashing.

Oftentimes the nails have worked their way loose and the flashing has pulled away from the roof meaning it needs to be reattached. If it's in bad enough shape, replacement may be necessary. Much of the roof flashing that you need comes already shaped or formed for you and will vary slightly based on where it's being installed. Purchasing it this way can make the job much easier, and each variety is described below. Step flashing is a flashing that is made to protect the joints between the roof and the chimney, and sometimes other objects, such as skylights.

The step flashing is bent and shaped in such a way that it fits each course of shingles and goes up the wall of the chimney, making it appear to "step" up. This flashing fits over any pipes or flues sticking up from your roof.

How to Install a Vent Pipe Through a Roof

It's cylindrically shaped and will have a large flange at the base where you will lap it into the shingles as you lay your roof. Wherever you have a valley in your roof, which the junction is where two roof planes meet at the bottom of a slope, you'll apply your valley flashing. This flashing comes shaped like a "V" or a "W. Along roof eaves, you'll want to install drip edge flashing. This type of flashing will prevent water from seeping in and leaking underneath the finished roof.

Vinyl flashing can be purchased that will guide water run-off to the gutters. Installing your roof flashing is going to be slightly different depending on the specific type that you're installing. Once the shingles have been installed, lay the base flashing around the base of the chimneyapproximately 4" past each end. Now, notch the first step flashing so that it will bend to go around the chimney front and side as well as at the base. Under the base part of the flashing, use plastic roofing cement and finish attaching it to the roof with galvanized roofing nails.

The top piece that bends around the chimney is left unattached. You continue this process around the length of the chimney, cutting each step flashing to fit. Counter flashing will then be wrapped around the entire chimney and attached with steel masonry fasteners depending on your chimney flashing kit directions. Be sure to leave a 1-inch gap between your shingles and the bottom of the side flashing.

Seal the top of the counter flashing and any gaps with plastic roofing cement. To install vent pipe flashing, you will be placing the upper portion below the shingles while allowing the bottom portion that extends below the pipe to lay exposed on top of the shingles. Lifting the shingles around the vent if you've already laid them or they're already part of an existing roof, slide the upper portion of your vent flashing beneath them. Cut some membrane material to seal between the vent flashing and the roof and cut an opening for the vent.

Apply a thin bead of silicone around the opening of the vent pipe area and lay the membrane in place. Next, place your vent flashing on top of the membrane. The metal flashing must overlap the material, not the other way around.Mar 10, Roof.

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Need to know how to install flashing on existing roof? Flashing itself is quite simple — flashing can refer to any impermeable metal barrier used to prevent the ingress of water into roof systemsor to channel water and rain away from your home. This makes high-quality flashing crucial to the overall health and well-being of your roof. So if your roof flashing is in poor condition, your roof could be at risk of water buildup, rot, and other expensive conditions that could require a roofing contractor to repair them.

Essentially, both of these types of flashing do the same thing — they help guide water away from seams and joints in your roof, preventing water from soaking through your shingles, or in-between vulnerable joints. The L shape hugs the side of your roof tightly, while the flared base pushes water away from your siding, keeping your home more dry. T-shaped flashing is slightly different. Water will run more smoothly across the flashing, and be pushed farther away from your home, helping you avoid excess moisture that can damage your siding.

Flashing is generally installed at any joints or edges in the roof where water could otherwise work its way in. Typically, flashing is installed using roofing nails and roofing cement. Flashing can be purchased in pre-formed styles to help you install it more easily, and these include:.

roof vent pipe flashing installation

For example, if the typical view is from left to right, reverse the order — place the right piece of eave metal under the right piece. Begin by removing the shingles at the affected area, and removing old flashing, if present. Finally, reattach all shingles removed in the process.

Whether your drip flashing has been failing and allowing excess water into your home, or your step or vent pipe flashing is corroding, learning to install roof flashing on an existing roof is a great way to maintain the health of your current roof.

Checking your flashing is just one step in performing a roof inspectionso be sure to keep up to date on the rest of your roof too. David is a seasoned expert in the field of home improvement, including roofing, siding, flooring, and carpentry, and he can walk you through the entire process of how to install flashing on existing roof installations.

Contact David Barbale today, and keep your roof healthy and happy, for a long service life. Roofing Materials List. Have a low pitched roof addition butted up to back of house. New roof installed 2 years ago. During the winter I had a leak. Snow drift butted up against the house on top of roof, Was told to put flashing under siding and over shingles.

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Their already is flashing their. Your email address will not be published. Vent Pipe Flashing — as the name implies, this flashing is usually cylindrical, with a large, flanged based that allows you to lap it into your shingles during a roofing project. Drip Flashing — Also called drip edgethis type of flashing is installed on the edge of roofs, and helps guide water away from your roof and into your gutters.

Install Flashing On Existing Roof To Extend The Lifespan Of Your Roof Whether your drip flashing has been failing and allowing excess water into your home, or your step or vent pipe flashing is corroding, learning to install roof flashing on an existing roof is a great way to maintain the health of your current roof.

Chapter 2 Roofing Materials List. MArk on July 25, at pm. Submit a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Search for:. Get Answers Now.Roof flashing is standard around any pipe vent.

However, over time the flashing can wear out and allow water to penetrate the interior of your home. Installing a new pipe vent flashing is easy and can be done in a short time. The tools needed are readily available at your local home improvement store.

Most will need an extension ladder. It is important that the ladder be secure and away from any electrical lines. If the pipe you are trying to repair is going to require you to work near electrical lines, it is best to call a professional. You will need to wear rubber bottom shoes to prevent you from sliding off of the roof.

If the pitch of the roof is very steep you will want to have a foam block to help you stabilize.

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If you need to, call a professional. Once you are one the roof, or at the top of the ladder, you will need to use your knife to loosen the shingles at the top and along the sides of the existing flashing. You should be able to do this simply by sliding the knife under the rows of shingles. Be careful not to damage any shingles. If you do, you will need to replace them.

There will be roofing nails underneath the rows of shingles. You should remove them before pulling the shingles all of the way up. Once the shingles are loose and the nails are removed, you should remove the existing flashing.

If it was installed properly, you will only have to remove a few roofing nails and lift it off of the pipe.

roof vent pipe flashing installation

If for some reason, you cannot remove the existing flashing, you can leave it in place and install the new one on top. However, most professionals would advise that the original flashing be removed.

Now that the old flashing is gone, you can slide the new flashing over the pipe vent and maneuver it under the shingles above the pipe. Use one roofing nail in each corner of the flashing to secure it to the roof.

Add a large bead of caulk in a half-moon shape around the flashing, and put the shingles back in place. This is when you would add a small dab of caulk to any nail holes in the shingles or replace any that you damaged. You may want to add a rain or repair collar to the pipe to add another level of protection from water and keep your new flashing in perfect condition. Installing a new flashing on a pipe vent is not very difficult.

However, be sure to practice all safety precautions and call a professional if you need to. We welcome your comments and suggestions.